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seeba Fact Sheet
Cadmium: Cas Number 7440-43-9

 

The fact sheet is generated by materials/substance legislation compliance software produced by PlesTech Ltd.,

Substance: Cadmium (Cd) - Metal

 

Physical Properties

Appearance: Metallic silver
Atomic / Molecular weight = 112.4
Density = 8.68 gm/cc
Melting temperature = 321°C
Boiling point = 765°C
Specific heat = 0.055 cal/°C at 20°C
Resistivity = 0.077 ohms-mm2 / m at 20°C
Cadmium is normally economic to recycle

Toxicity

Cadmium is carcinogenic. Inhalation can cause cause pulmonary emphysema, chronic bronchitis. Other
effects are enemia, kidney and bone damage, and osteoporosis.

Applications

Used in steel and copper alloys. Surface protection (electrodeposited, vacuum deposited or mechanically
deposited coating) for steel, cast iron, aluminium and titanium alloys plus other non-ferrous metals.
Acts as a stabilisers in polymers, and pigments in paints. Is used in batteries including as part of the
negative electrode material in nickel-cadmium (NiCd) batteries.

Used for brazing and as a solder including solder for aluminium. Also found in reactor control rods, and catalysts.
Has been used in electrical components such as resistors and capacitors.


Legislation:

EU: 2002/95/EC - Restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic
equipment (Europe)
Banned above threshold. Threshold 0.01% of homogeneous material
Notes: Applies from July 2006. Exemptions exist.

CIS 91-1422 - Chemical Substances Act (Netherlands)
Banned above threshold. Threshold 0% of product
Notes: Covers all except electrical and electronic equipment covered by RoHS (EU: 2002/95/EC). Total
ban

SFS 1985:839 - The Cadmium Ordinance (Sweden)
Banned above threshold. Threshold 0% of product
Notes: Cadmium substance may not be used for surface treatment or as a
stabiliser or colouring agent.

Ordinance Oct 2001 - Ordinance relating to Environmentally Hazardous Substances (Switzerland)
Banned above threshold. Threshold 0% of component
Notes: Banned in plastics and as coatings. Thresholds from 0.015 to 0.1% set for different classes of
bateries

EU: 2000/53/EC - End-of-life Vehicles (Europe)
Banned above threshold. Threshold 0.01% of homogeneous material
Notes: Vehicles directive. Exemptions exist. The definition of homogeneous material homogenous is a
material that cannot be mechanically disjointed into different materials.

EU: 94/62/EC - Packaging and packaging waste (Europe)
Banned above threshold. Threshold 0.01% of packaging part
Notes: Sum of concentration levels of lead, cadmium, mercury and hexavalent chromium present in
packaging or packaging components

EU: 76/769/EEC - Restrictions on the marketing and use of certain dangerous substances and preparations (Europe)
Banned above threshold. Threshold 0.01% of component
Notes: Certain polymers including PVC, and for most plating applications.

US: TPCH - TPCH Toxics in Packaging Legislation (US)
Banned above threshold. Threshold 0.01% of packaging part
Notes: Sum of concentration levels of lead, cadmium, mercury and hexavalent chromium present in
packaging or packaging components . Banned Intentionally added.

EU: 91/338/EEC - 10th admendment to 76/769/EEC restrictions on the marketing and use of certain
dangerous substances and preparations (Europe)
Banned above threshold. Threshold 0.01% of component
Notes: Legislation updating EU: 76/769/EEC

EU: 91/157/EEC - Batteries and accumulators (Europe)
Banned above threshold. Threshold 0.025% of product
Notes: Applies to batteries and accumulators

Specifications:

Joint Industry Guide - Joint Industry Guide: Material Composition Declaration Guide (Global)
Report above threshold. Threshold 0.0075% of homogeneous material
Notes: Or intentionally added

VDA-List 232-101 - VDA Materials Declaration List for IMDS (Global)
Banned above threshold. Threshold 0.01% of homogeneous material
Notes: Used for reporting into the IMDS automotive database

www.plestech.co.uk

Fact Sheet on Producer Responsibility

Fact Sheet on Land Fill Directive

Fact Sheet on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment

Fact Sheet on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive

Fact Sheet on the Restriction on the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in EEE Directive

Fact Sheet on End-of-life Vehicles

Fact Sheet on End-of-life Vehicles Directive

Fact Sheet on Packaging

Arsenic

Bismuth

Cadmium

Chromium 6

Copper

Lead

Mercury

Zinc

 

 

 

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